Category: Uncategorized

Studies re birds affected by light

FACTS RE THE AFFECTS OF LIGHT ON THE MIGRATORY BIRDS THAT FLY TO THE SEAFORD EDITHVALE WETLANDS

 

 

Birds have to use things to orient. One of the tools in their kit is celestial cues, so they can use the star maps like early navigators,” Susan Elbin, director of conservation and science at NYC Audubon, says. Believing they’re flying toward starlight or something similar, nocturnal migrants are drawn to the dazzling display, where they end up wasting crucial energy flying around and sounding off in distress.

 Matt Watson, David Wilson, and Daniel Mennill of the University of Windsor recorded the flight calls of migrating birds passing overhead during the 2013 fall migration in southern Ontario, Canada, comparing sites with and without ground-level artificial lights. Analyzing 352 hours of recordings, including the calls of at least 15 bird species, they found that significantly more flight calls were recorded at lit sites than at dark sites. “By pointing microphones at the night sky, we can survey migratory birds based on the quiet sounds they produce in flight,” says Mennill. “This simple technique offers a special opportunity because we can resolve particular species of birds, or groups of species, using a fairly simple technology. “It was exciting to find that even low-level anthropogenic lights affect call detections from migrating birds,” adds Watson. Their findings have several possible explanations—ground-level lights could be disorienting birds, causing them to call more often and decrease their altitude as they attempt to straighten themselves out, or they could actually be attracting additional birds, as has already been documented with higher-elevation lights. In either case, artificial lights are causing migrating birds to waste energy, which could affect their chances of surviving their journey.

“Anthropogenic light has profound effects on wild animals. For migratory birds, we know that lights on top of skyscrapers, communication towers, and lighthouses disorient and attract birds,” says Mennill. “Our study reveals for the first time that even low-intensity lights on the ground influence the behavior of migratory birds overhead.”

 Excessive or misdirected artificial light at night (ALAN) produces light pollution that influences several aspects of the biology and ecology of birds, including disruption of circadian rhythms and disorientation during flight. Many migrating birds traverse large expanses of land twice every year at night when ALAN illuminates the sky. 

 

Train Stabling Facts

Some information re the Train Stabling Facility.

It will Remove 7 business’s from our suburb including Page Bros & Seaford Panels.

At a cost of 200 direct & indirect local jobs

$187 million = Approx $1 million per job (plus acquisition costs)

$36 million per in anticipated lost income per annum out of our suburb

Up to 38 trains to be housed nightly in our suburb (replacing 6 from Carrum)

18 1/2 acres train stabling facility

24 hour lighting, 24 hour noise from compressed air brakes right among our residential properties

The proposed facility is 870 metres from a site of “international significance” the Ramsar listed Edithvale Seaford Wetlands.

Impacts on threatened and critically endangered bird life, into & out of the protected Seaford Wetlands (see birds and light studies.)

All COULD & SHOULD be going to Baxter where there is already land set aside for this facility !!

They are already destroying our community with their unwanted, unnecessary & unproven elevated rail and the Train Stabling in Seaford…. we can stop this & save our suburb.

The Project does not need to proceed on that site at Seaford. There is a viable alternative at Baxter. The Level Crossings Removal Authority recognises that  the long term solution is Baxter.

This may be less convenient for the Government in it’s desire to rush before the next election but it is not essential that they do it on that site.

 

Sample letter re Seaford Train Stabling to Sonya Kilkenny, Daniel Andrews, Jacinta Allan

Dear Member

I write to you regarding the Proposed Train Stabling Facility in Seaford. This facility is 870 metres  to the Seaford Edithvale Wetlands which is listed in the Ramsar Convention. Birds migrate every year to these wetlands, to reproduce. It is well documented that these birds are drawn to Light Ships and Stadiums, as they migrate at night. This facility will be lit all night, all 18 1/2 acres. The birds become confused and and use up vital energy stores and may never make it to the the wetlands to reproduce.  As you may or may not know there are Threatened and Critically Endangered birds that fly to the wetlands and are protected by the China  Australia Migratory agreement (CAMBA)Japan Australia Migratory Bird Agreement ( JAMBA) and the Korea Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (ROKAMBA) Please find below studies about migratory bird paths and the affect light has on them and the migratory birds that fly to our wetlands.

An EES has not been done, therefore no assessment under the Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation (EPBC) act has been generated. I ask you Minister to call for an Environment Effects Study EES and request the the federal government to do an assessment under the EPBC act. These internationally listed birds must be protected. We must honour our agreements with Japan,China and Korea and take a cautionary approach with appropriate measures to preserve and enhance the environment of migratory birds. In particular, we should seek means to prevent damage to migratory birds and their environment.

There is a viable alternative of an empty parcel of land in Baxter, not close to wetlands, residents or any businesses. It is shameful the cost to the Seaford Community and the environment. To Remove 7 business’s from our suburb including Page Bros & Seaford Panels, at a cost of 200 direct & indirect local jobs $187 million = Approx $1 million per job (plus acquisition costs.)

$36 million per in anticipated lost income per annum out of our suburb.There will be stabling capable of storing up to 38 trains, to be housed nightly in our suburb (replacing 6 from Carrum.)There will be all night lighting, 24 hour noise right among our residential properties. I reiterate the impacts on rare bird life into & out of the protected Seaford Wetlands to be devastating.

All COULD & SHOULD be going to Baxter where there is already land set aside for this facility !!

 

Kind regards

 

Supporting Information re the affect of light and migratory birds

“Birds have to use things to orient. One of the tools in their kit is celestial cues, so they can use the star maps like early navigators,” Susan Elbin, director of conservation and science at NYC Audubon, says. Believing they’re flying toward starlight or something similar, nocturnal migrants are drawn to the dazzling display, where they end up wasting crucial energy flying around and sounding off in distress.

Matt Watson, David Wilson, and Daniel Mennill of the University of Windsor recorded the flight calls of migrating birds passing overhead during the 2013 fall migration in southern Ontario, Canada, comparing sites with and without ground-level artificial lights. Analyzing 352 hours of recordings, including the calls of at least 15 bird species, they found that significantly more flight calls were recorded at lit sites than at dark sites. “By pointing microphones at the night sky, we can survey migratory birds based on the quiet sounds they produce in flight,” says Mennill. “This simple technique offers a special opportunity because we can resolve particular species of birds, or groups of species, using a fairly simple technology.”

“It was exciting to find that even low-level anthropogenic lights affect call detections from migrating birds,” adds Watson. Their findings have several possible explanations—ground-level lights could be disorienting birds, causing them to call more often and decrease their altitude as they attempt to straighten themselves out, or they could actually be attracting additional birds, as has already been documented with higher-elevation lights. In either case, artificial lights are causing migrating birds to waste energy, which could affect their chances of surviving their journey.

“Anthropogenic light has profound effects on wild animals. For migratory birds, we know that lights on top of skyscrapers, communication towers, and lighthouses disorient and attract birds,” says Mennill. “Our study reveals for the first time that even low-intensity lights on the ground influence the behavior of migratory birds overhead.”

Excessive or misdirected artificial light at night (ALAN) produces light pollution that influences several aspects of the biology and ecology of birds, including disruption of circadian rhythms and disorientation during flight. Many migrating birds traverse large expanses of land twice every year at night when ALAN illuminates the sky.

 

 

Supporting information re Seaford Edithvale Wetlands Listed birds under the Jamba, Camba and Rokamba

 

JAMBA

Cattle Egret

Rednecked Stint

Sharp tailed Sandpiper

Curlew Sandpiper

Black tailed godwit

Red necked Phalarope

White winged black tern

 

CAMBA

Cattle Egret

Great Egret

White bellied Sea Eagle

Black Tail Godwit

Wood Sandpiper

Latham’s Snipe

Red Knot

Red necked Stint

Sharp tailed Sandpiper

Curlew Sandpiper

Red necked Phalarope

White winged Tern

Caspian Tern

Common Tern

 

ROKAMBA

Latham’s snipe

Black Tailed Godwit

Common Greenshank

Wood Sandpiper

Red Knot

Red necked Stint

Pectoral Sandpiper

Sharp tailed Sandpiper

Curlew Sandpiper

Red necked Phalarope

Common tern

White winged black Tern

 

 

 

 

Dear Minister

I write to you regarding the Proposed Train Stabling Facility in Seaford. This facility is 870 metres  to the Seaford Edithvale Wetlands which is listed in the Ramsar Convention. Birds migrate every year to these wetlands,to reproduce. It is well documented that these birds are drawn to Light ships and Stadiums, as they migrate at night. This facility will be lit all night, all 18 1/2 acres. The birds become confused and and use up vital energy stores and may never make it to the the wetlands to reproduce.  As you may or may not know there are Threatened and Critically Endangered birds that fly to the wetlands and are protected by the China  Australia Migratory agreement (CAMBA)Japan Australia Migratory Bird Agreement ( JAMBA) and the Korea Australia Migratory Bird Agreement (ROKAMBA) Please find below studies about migratory bird paths and the affect light has on them and the migratory birds that fly to our wetlands.

An EES has not been done, therefore no assessment under the Environmental Protection and Biodiversity Conservation (EPBC) act has been generated. I ask you Minister to call for an Environment Effects Study EES and request the the federal government to do an assessment under the EPBC act. These internationally listed birds must be protected. We must honour our agreements with Japan,China and Korea and take a cautionary approach with appropriate measures to preserve and enhance the environment of migratory birds. In particular, we should seek means to prevent damage to migratory birds and their environment.

There is a viable alternative of an empty parcel of land in Baxter, not close to wetlands, residents or any businesses. It is shameful the cost to the Seaford Community and the environment. To Remove 7 business’s from our suburb including Page Bros & Seaford Panels, at a cost of 200 direct & indirect local jobs $187 million = Approx $1 million per job (plus acquisition costs.)

$36 million per in anticipated lost income per annum out of our suburb.There will be stabling capable of storing up to 38 trains, to be housed nightly in our suburb (replacing 6 from Carrum.)There will be all night lighting, 24 hour noise right among our residential properties. I reiterate the impacts on rare bird life into & out of the protected Seaford Wetlands to be devastating.

All COULD & SHOULD be going to Baxter where there is already land set aside for this facility !!

 

Kind regards

Moira Harbour

Secretary NSRFL

 

Supporting Information re the affect of light and migratory birds

“Birds have to use things to orient. One of the tools in their kit is celestial cues, so they can use the star maps like early navigators,” Susan Elbin, director of conservation and science at NYC Audubon, says. Believing they’re flying toward starlight or something similar, nocturnal migrants are drawn to the dazzling display, where they end up wasting crucial energy flying around and sounding off in distress.

Matt Watson, David Wilson, and Daniel Mennill of the University of Windsor recorded the flight calls of migrating birds passing overhead during the 2013 fall migration in southern Ontario, Canada, comparing sites with and without ground-level artificial lights. Analyzing 352 hours of recordings, including the calls of at least 15 bird species, they found that significantly more flight calls were recorded at lit sites than at dark sites. “By pointing microphones at the night sky, we can survey migratory birds based on the quiet sounds they produce in flight,” says Mennill. “This simple technique offers a special opportunity because we can resolve particular species of birds, or groups of species, using a fairly simple technology.”

“It was exciting to find that even low-level anthropogenic lights affect call detections from migrating birds,” adds Watson. Their findings have several possible explanations—ground-level lights could be disorienting birds, causing them to call more often and decrease their altitude as they attempt to straighten themselves out, or they could actually be attracting additional birds, as has already been documented with higher-elevation lights. In either case, artificial lights are causing migrating birds to waste energy, which could affect their chances of surviving their journey.

“Anthropogenic light has profound effects on wild animals. For migratory birds, we know that lights on top of skyscrapers, communication towers, and lighthouses disorient and attract birds,” says Mennill. “Our study reveals for the first time that even low-intensity lights on the ground influence the behavior of migratory birds overhead.”

Excessive or misdirected artificial light at night (ALAN) produces light pollution that influences several aspects of the biology and ecology of birds, including disruption of circadian rhythms and disorientation during flight. Many migrating birds traverse large expanses of land twice every year at night when ALAN illuminates the sky.

 

 

Supporting information re Seaford Edithvale Wetlands Listed birds under the Jamba, Camba and Rokamba

 

JAMBA

Cattle Egret

Rednecked Stint

Sharp tailed Sandpiper

Curlew Sandpiper

Black tailed godwit

Red necked Phalarope

White winged black tern

 

CAMBA

Cattle Egret

Great Egret

White bellied Sea Eagle

Black Tail Godwit

Wood Sandpiper

Latham’s Snipe

Red Knot

Red necked Stint

Sharp tailed Sandpiper

Curlew Sandpiper

Red necked Phalarope

White winged Tern

Caspian Tern

Common Tern

 

ROKAMBA

Latham’s snipe

Black Tailed Godwit

Common Greenshank

Wood Sandpiper

Red Knot

Red necked Stint

Pectoral Sandpiper

Sharp tailed Sandpiper

Curlew Sandpiper

Red necked Phalarope

Common tern

White winged black Tern

 

 

 

 

 

Option 2

Option 2

Rail bridge modified; 2.1% grade.

Showing the difference 0.1% grade makes to platform position and track elevation at platform.

 

Using 2.1% grade; McLeod joining Nepean from its’ current position and with the rail bridge modified.

Platform starts 84m past McLeod. This will be taken up with the station building(s) positioned at McLeod and ramp. The ramps for trenches at Springvale, McKinnon etc are over 100m long.

Rail elevation at the platform = -1673mm

The distance between the Patterson River (southern pier) and McLeod Road IS LONG ENOUGH to provide train clearance under the road and return to ground level before the Patterson River rail bridge (where boats access) at an incline that would allow trains to run safely.

Option 3

Rail bridge modified; 2.26% grade.  Still a full 0.1% less than currently on the Frankston line.

Showing platform position and track elevation at platform.

 

Platform starts 10m north of McLeod. Station building(s) can be positioned north of McLeod in the shopping centre area.

Rail elevation at the platform = -943mm

The distance between the Patterson River (southern pier) and McLeod Road IS LONG ENOUGH to provide train clearance under the road and return to ground level before the Patterson River rail bridge (where boats access) at an incline that would allow trains to run safely.

 

Option 4

Rail bridge modified; 2.3% grade.  Still a 0.06% less than currently on the Frankston line.

Using 403m distance, ie. Not continuing McLeod alignment to the edge of the trench.

 

Platform starts 10m north of McLeod. Station building(s) can be positioned north of McLeod in the shopping centre area.

Rail elevation at the platform = -938mm

The distance between the Patterson River (southern pier) and McLeod Road IS LONG ENOUGH to provide train clearance under the road and return to ground level before the Patterson River rail bridge (where boats access) at an incline that would allow trains to run safely.

Letter to The Planning Minister Hon Richard William Wynne

My email letter to The Planning Minister Hon Richard William Wynne

Dear Minister,

As you are aware, Skyrail in Melbourne is widely opposed by all communities across the city. This Sunday 23rd July our group “No Skyrail Frankston Line” http://noskyrailfrankstonline.org/ held a community rally in Seaford, gathering well over 300 people and covered by Herald Sun and 7 news. The city of Frankston was represented by speakers Glenn Aitken & Quinn McCormack, supporting rail under road option.
LXRA claims rail under road is not possible in Seaford, but our engineering group has clearly demonstrated on our website this is not true – refer http://noskyrailfrankstonline.org/why-possible/
Dear Minister, hundreds of people spend countless hours fighting against SkyRail. Why would the government spend a lot of money for something everyone hates with a passion? Isn’t it better to spend just a bit more and provide first class infrastructure for our beautiful Seaford, for generations to enjoy?

Dear Minister, planning request for Seaford will be on your table soon. Please, consider the voice of Frankston City Council, consider the voice of community for this milestone project.

Yours sincerely,
Alex Ivanov
http://noskyrailfrankstonline.org/